Bacalah Qunut an-Nazilah buat saudara-saudara kita di Gaza

Assalamualaikum wbt.

Mari kita doakan saudara-saudara kita di Gaza. Lakukanlah sunnah Rasulullah saw dengan melaksanakan doa Qunut an-Nazilah di dalam solat lima waktu, ketika selepas ruku’ pada rakaat terakhir.

Selamat membaca tatacara Qunut an-Nazilah di bawah.

We seem to forget the sunnah of the prophet. We are not aware what Prophet Muhammad PBUH taught us when any calamity takes place. Either we do not know or we are not aware to know about it.

What was done by Prophet Muhammad PBUH when his companions who were sent to do dabwah were killed? There is no evidence shows that Prophet Muhammad PBUH performed hajat prayer. However, what can be found is that Prophet Muhammad PBUH recited Qunoot an-Nazilah.

Here, I would like to share with all my fellow brothers and sisters in Islam, how should we perform Qunut al-Nazilah. I compress this from fatawas of our great ulamab.

What Is Qunut prayer?

Qunoot, according to the definition of the fuqahab, bis the name of a dubaab (supplication) offered during prayer at a specific point while standing.b.

If a calamity (naazilah) befalls the Muslims, it is prescribed to say Dubaab al- Qunoot after standing up from rukoob in the last rakbah of each of the five daily obligatory prayers, until Allaah relieves the Muslims of that calamity.

(See Tasheeh al-Dubaab by Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd, p. 460).

What is Qunoot at times of calamity (Qunoot al-Naazilah)

When praying Qunoot at the time of calamity, one should make supplication as is appropriate to the situation, as it was narrated that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed some Arab tribes who had betrayed his companions and killed them, and he prayed for the weak and oppressed believers in Makkah, that Allaah would save them. It was narrated that bUmar prayed Qunoot with the following words:

bAllaahumma inna nastabeenuka wa nubminu bika, wa natawakkalu balayka wa nuthni balayka al-khayr, wa laa nakfuruka. Allaahumma iyyaaka nabbudu wa laka nusalli wa nasjudu, wa ilayka nasbaa wa nahfid. Narju rahmataka wa nakhsha badhaabaka, inna badhaabaka al-jadd bil kuffaari mulhaq. Allaahumma badhdhib il-kafarata ahl al-kitaab alladheena yasuddoona ban sabeelika

(O Allaah, verily we seek Your help, we believe in You, we put our trust in You and we praise You and we are not ungrateful to You. O Allaah, You alone we worship and to You we pray and prostrate, for Your sake we strive. We hope for Your mercy and fear Your punishment, for Your punishment will certainly reach the disbelievers. O Allaah, punish the infidels of the People of the Book who are preventing others from following Your way).b

(Narrated by al-Bayhaqi, 2/210; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in al-Irwab, 2/170)

Can we make dubaab using words other than those mentioned here?
The answer is:
Yes, that is permissible. Al-Nawawi said in al-Majmoob (3/497): bThe correct view which was stated definitively by the majority of scholars is that there are no specific words, rather any dubaab may be said.b

The version narrated from bUmar is not something that we have to follow, and the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) did not pray using these words, so there is nothing wrong with adding more to them. Shaykh al-Albaani (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: bThere is nothing wrong with adding more to this, cursing the infidels and sending blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and praying for the Muslims.b
(Qiyaam Ramadaan by al-Albaani, 31).

Should Dubaab al-Qunoot be said before rukoob (bowing) or after?

The answer is: Most of the ahaadeeth and the opinion of most of the scholars state that Qunoot comes after rukoob, but if you say Qunoot before rukoob that is acceptable. So you have the choice of doing rukoob when you have finished reciting Qurbaan, then standing up and saying bRabbana wa laka al-hamdb then saying Qunootb& or saying Qunoot when you have finished reciting Qurbaan, then saying bAllaahu akbarb and bowing. Both of these were narrated in the Sunnah.

(Shaykh Muhammad ibn bUthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him), al-Sharh al-Mumtib, 4/64)

Saying Ameen out loud in Qunoot al-nawaazil (Qunoot of calamities) ?

Shaykh Ibn bUthaymeen (may Allaah have mercy on him) said: If we say that Qunoot may be offered in the five daily prayers, if the prayer is one in which Qurbaan is recited out loud, then it is well known that the Qunoot should be recited out loud, and if the prayer is one in which Qur’aan is recited silently then Qunoot should also be recited out loud, as it is proven in the Sunnah that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say Qunoot and the people would say Ameen behind him, and they could not have said Ameen unless he was saying Qunoot out lout. Based on this, it is Sunnah to recite Qunoot out loud even in a prayer in which Qurbaan is recited silently. End quote from al-Sharh al-Mumtib (4/47).

References:: Qunoot during salaah- http://islamqa.com/en/ref/20031/qunoot
Saying Ameen out loud in Qunoot al-nawaazil (Qunoot of calamities)- http://islamqa.com/en/ref/113994/qunoot

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